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Universal Paint Colorants

MasterFormat 09 91 13 Exterior Painting; 09 91 23 Interior Painting

This information reflects our best understanding of product composition in 2021.

This Common Product focuses on low VOC universal paint colorant systems. Universal paint colorants are designed to tint interior and exterior base paints. These colorants are water-based and contain dispersants that allow them to be mixed with...

More about Universal Paint Colorants

This Common Product focuses on low VOC universal paint colorant systems. Universal paint colorants are designed to tint interior and exterior base paints. These colorants are water-based and contain dispersants that allow them to be mixed with both water-based paints and solvent-based alkyd paints. Several different colorants may be mixed with a base paint to give a specific tint. 

In addition to pigments, many of the additives in universal colorants are similar to those found in water-based based paints. The level of pigment used in each colorant depends on its color strength, its surface area, and the type of pigment. Pigments used in universal paint colorants can be based on organic or inorganic chemical structures. Organic pigments tend to be brighter while inorganic pigments tend to be duller. In addition, the chemical structure of the pigment affects numerous additional physical properties of the final paint such as its resistance to weather and chemicals. The type of pigment can also affect both type and amount of additives added to specific colorants. For instance, titanium dioxide can promote the photodegradation of organic pigments. Similarly, some dispersants can be used on both organic and inorganic pigments, but a higher concentration is required for an organic pigment, and even higher concentration may be required for a black pigment. In spite of these differences in formulation, however, some additives were identified as common among the different types of pigments surveyed for this Common Product. 

In order to mix pigments with the base paint, a wetting agent is typically required in both the base paint and the colorant. Wetting agents are additives that are designed to lower the surface tension of the liquids that the solid pigment particles mix with. These surfactants can be based on several different types of chemistry. While the paint industry is moving away from the use of alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEs, or APEOs), fluorinated wetting agents are available for use with low-VOC water-based paints that aim to both reduce the amount of wetting agent required and remove the need for a wetting agent at the letdown phase of production in which the colorant is diluted. Little disclosure is available on the chemical composition of these surfactants. An additional concern is that low levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), byproducts of pigment production, have been measured in a number of different paint colorants.

Name % Weight Whole Function GREENSCREEN® Sources
Water
7732-18-5
33.92% Diluent/ Solvent Subscribe to view
Ferric oxide
1309-37-1
Unknown Red Oxide Pigment Subscribe to view
Pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4-dione, 3,6-bis[4-(1,1-dimethylethyl)phenyl]-2,5-dihydro-
84632-59-7
Unknown Orange Pigment Subscribe to view
Ferric oxide, yellow
51274-00-1
Unknown Yellow Oxide Pigment Subscribe to view
C.I. Pigment Yellow 74
6358-31-2
Unknown Yellow Pigment Subscribe to view
Phthalocyanine Green
1328-53-6
Unknown Green Pigment Subscribe to view
Pigment Blue 15
147-14-8
Unknown Blue Pigment Subscribe to view
C.I. Pigment Red 122
980-26-7
Unknown Magenta Pigment Subscribe to view
Umber
12713-03-0
Unknown Umber Pigment Subscribe to view
Carbon black
1333-86-4
Unknown Black Pigment Subscribe to view
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
Unknown White Pigment Subscribe to view
Barium sulfate
7727-43-7
12.18% Extender Pigment Subscribe to view
Talc
14807-96-6
12.18% Extender Subscribe to view
Polyethylene glycol
25322-68-3
12.18% Viscocity Modifier/ Humectant Subscribe to view
Oleth-10 phosphate
39464-69-2
6.40% Dispersant Subscribe to view
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
3.66% Extender Pigment Subscribe to view
Ethoxylated branched c11-c14, c13-rich alcohols
78330-21-9
3.66% Wetting Agent Subscribe to view
Amides, tall-oil fatty, N-(3-(dimethylamino)propyl)
68650-79-3
1.83% Compatibalizer Subscribe to view
Sodium hydroxide
1310-73-2
0.37% Buffer Subscribe to view
SOLVENT-DEWAXED HEAVY PARAFFINIC PETROLEUM DISTILLATES
64742-65-0
0.37% Defoamer Subscribe to view
3-Iodo-2-propynylbutylcarbamate
55406-53-6
0.33% Fungicide Subscribe to view
Quartz
14808-60-7
0.30% Residual Subscribe to view
2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one
2682-20-4
0.10% Antimicrobial Pesticide Subscribe to view
1,2-Benzisothiazoline-3-one
2634-33-5
0.02% Antimicrobial Pesticide Subscribe to view
POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBs)
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Name % Weight Part % Weight Whole Function GREENSCREEN® Sources
Water
7732-18-5
33.92% 33.92% Diluent/ Solvent Subscribe to view
Pigments in Universal Paint Colorants
12.52% 12.52% Pigment Subscribe to view
Ferric oxide
1309-37-1
(Nested within Pigments in Universal Paint Colorants)
Unknown Unknown Red Oxide Pigment Subscribe to view
Pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4-dione, 3,6-bis[4-(1,1-dimethylethyl)phenyl]-2,5-dihydro-
84632-59-7
(Nested within Pigments in Universal Paint Colorants)
Unknown Unknown Orange Pigment Subscribe to view
Ferric oxide, yellow
51274-00-1
(Nested within Pigments in Universal Paint Colorants)
Unknown Unknown Yellow Oxide Pigment Subscribe to view
C.I. Pigment Yellow 74
6358-31-2
(Nested within Pigments in Universal Paint Colorants)
Unknown Unknown Yellow Pigment Subscribe to view
Phthalocyanine Green
1328-53-6
(Nested within Pigments in Universal Paint Colorants)
Unknown Unknown Green Pigment Subscribe to view
Pigment Blue 15
147-14-8
(Nested within Pigments in Universal Paint Colorants)
Unknown Unknown Blue Pigment Subscribe to view
C.I. Pigment Red 122
980-26-7
(Nested within Pigments in Universal Paint Colorants)
Unknown Unknown Magenta Pigment Subscribe to view
Umber
12713-03-0
(Nested within Pigments in Universal Paint Colorants)
Unknown Unknown Umber Pigment Subscribe to view
Carbon black
1333-86-4
(Nested within Pigments in Universal Paint Colorants)
Unknown Unknown Black Pigment Subscribe to view
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
(Nested within Pigments in Universal Paint Colorants)
Unknown Unknown White Pigment Subscribe to view
Barium sulfate
7727-43-7
12.18% 12.18% Extender Pigment Subscribe to view
Talc
14807-96-6
12.18% 12.18% Extender Subscribe to view
Polyethylene glycol
25322-68-3
12.18% 12.18% Viscocity Modifier/ Humectant Subscribe to view
Oleth-10 phosphate
39464-69-2
6.40% 6.40% Dispersant Subscribe to view
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
3.66% 3.66% Extender Pigment Subscribe to view
Ethoxylated branched c11-c14, c13-rich alcohols
78330-21-9
3.66% 3.66% Wetting Agent Subscribe to view
Amides, tall-oil fatty, N-(3-(dimethylamino)propyl)
68650-79-3
1.83% 1.83% Compatibalizer Subscribe to view
Sodium hydroxide
1310-73-2
0.37% 0.37% Buffer Subscribe to view
SOLVENT-DEWAXED HEAVY PARAFFINIC PETROLEUM DISTILLATES
64742-65-0
0.37% 0.37% Defoamer Subscribe to view
3-Iodo-2-propynylbutylcarbamate
55406-53-6
0.33% 0.33% Fungicide Subscribe to view
Quartz
14808-60-7
0.30% 0.30% Residual Subscribe to view
2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one
2682-20-4
0.10% 0.10% Antimicrobial Pesticide Subscribe to view
1,2-Benzisothiazoline-3-one
2634-33-5
0.02% 0.02% Antimicrobial Pesticide Subscribe to view
POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBs)
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view

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Known or Potential Residuals

Known or Potential Residuals for Chemical
CASRN NAME GREENSCREEN® TYPE FREQUENCY % Weight Chemical % Weight Product SOURCE
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Other Process Chemicals

Other Process Chemicals for Chemical
CASRN NAME GREENSCREEN® TYPE FREQUENCY % WT CHEM % WT PRODUCT SOURCES
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Habitable Resources (10)

Habitable Resources for Product
TYPE TITLE
Report Healthy Environments: Understanding Antimicrobial Ingredients In Building Materials
Tool Interior Paint Product Guidance
Tool HBN's Transformation Targets: A Framework for Driving Market Change
Article It’s Not Just About VOCs: Select APE-free Paint, Too
Template Manufacturer Information Request Email Template - Paint
Article Picking a Safer Paint is Easier Than You Think
Specification HomeFree Paint Specifications
Report Paint Standard and Certification Requirements
Article By Popular Demand: A List of Safer Paints
Report PFAS in Paints

Sources

Sources for Common Product Data
Source Uploaded Document Linked Document
21 CFR 175_300
40 CFR 180_920
8800N KX White SDS
8813N AXN Yellow SDS
8814N T Medium Yellow SDS
8818N AN Durable Yellow SDS
8820N DD Phthalo Green SDS
8831N E Phthalo Blue SDS
8835N F Red Oxide SDS
8847N S Fast Red SDS
8848N RH Red SDS
8849N V Magenta SDS
8851N RR Red SDS
8864N OO Orange SDS
8878N C Yellow Oxide SDS
8888N L Raw Umber SDS
8892N B Carbon Black SDS
8897N I Brown Oxide SDS
Acticide MBS
Additol XW6565 TDS
Aerosil 200 SDS
Aerosol TR-70
Aurasperse Brochure
AX Yellow SDS
B Lamp Black SDS
BASF Pure Options
BASF Universal Colorant Formulation Additives
BASF Wetting Agents
Blend A Color EDS
BM Universal Colorant
BM Universal Colorant SDS
C Yellow Oxide SDS
Capstone Fluorosurfactants
Capstone FS-61
CCA Brochure
CCA Technical Paper
Chemours US8022238B2
Clariant Colorant Brochure
Colanyl Blue B2G 131 SDS
Colanyl Green GC 531 SDS
Colanyl Red GG 531 SDS
Colanyl Violet RL 532 SDS
Colanyl Yellow 2GXD 530 SDS
CPSColor Colorants
Disperbyk 2060 TDS
Disperbyk 2061 SDS
Disperbyk 2061 TDS
Dispersogen AN 200
Dispersogen AN 200 SDS
DSM IP Assets BV US10336853B2
Dumitru 2011
ECHA 68390-97-6
Emulsogen TS 200 SDS
Emulsogen TS 200 TDS
EU Phthalo Blue SDS
F Red Oxide SDS
Futurity B Lamp Black
Futurity C Yellow Oxide
Futurity D Phthalo Green
Futurity E Phthalo Blue
Futurity F Red Iron Oxide
Futurity G Durable Yellow
Futurity J Carbazole Violet
Futurity M Durable Red
Futurity Raw Umber
Futurity Titanium White
Futurity V Quindo Violet
Futurity Z Medium Yellow
Gennex Black SDS
Gennex Gray SDS
Gennex Magenta SDS
Gennex Orange SDS
Gennex Organic Red SDS
Gennex Organic Yellow SDS
Gennex Oxide Red SDS
Gennex Oxide Yellow SDS
Gennex Red Toner SDS
Gennex Thalo Blue SDS
Gennex Thalo Green SDS
Gennex White SDS
HR 5254
Hu 2009
I Brown Oxide SDS
IARC-CB-TiO2-Talc
iPCB Pigments Resource
J Violet SDS
Jahnke 2019
KX White SDS
L Raw Umber TDS
Lutensol XP 50
Master Hide Interior Latex PDS
MPI Problems with Tints
NovoColor II TDS
PCI 20000724
PCI 20050101
PCI 20111001
Pigment Dispersions
Pluronic 17R4 SDS
Pluronic 17R4 TDS
Pluronic L-35 SDS
R Red SDS
Rhodafac LO-529
Rodenburg 2015
RU High Hide Red SDS
Rule 1113
Shanahan 2015
Specialchem Pigments
T Medium Yellow SDS
Tamol 731A TDS
Tego ColorAid 7060 SDS
Tego ColorAid 7060 TDS
Tego Dispers 653 SDS
Tego Dispers 653 TDS
Tergitol 15-S-5 SDS
UL Universal Colorants
Ultrapeg 1500
US20090149591A1
V Magenta SDS
Valspar US10836910B2
Valspar US8242206B2
Valspar US9346028B2
VU High Hide Magenta SDS
YE Yellow Exterior SDS